Sermon: Advent 2, Year B

Sermon – Advent 2 The Prophets

In the name of the +Father and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen

Prophecy – it’s an uncomfortable word for an uncomfortable act. Coming among a people a people and (often at great personal danger) standing up and telling them what God is really after. A Prophet is the mouthpiece of God on earth, but is seldom an interpreter: it comes out, and it is up to us to interpret these signs and see its portents.

Prophets do not always speak of doom and gloom, of destruction and annihilation (for that is a cynic not a prophet!), they sometimes speak of hope and the future promise.

In the Old Testament, there are 1,093 prophecies about the Messiah which were fulfilled by Jesus. Clearly, I don’t have enough time to go through all 1,093, for last week’s sermon was long enough as it was, but I just want us to look over some of the key predictions about the coming of the messiah from the mouths of the prophets, and for us to see that Yeshua of Nazareth really is the fulfilment of all those prophecies.

The psalms speak of 92 separate prophecies. In the book of Isaiah alone there are 121 separate prophecies.

Here they are:

Isaiah Prophecies OT Scripture NT Fulfillment
The Jews would reject the Messiah. Isaiah 6:9-10a John 12:37-40
The Messiah would teach in parables. Isaiah 6:9-10b Matthew 13:13-15
The Messiah would be born of a virgin. Isaiah 7:14a Luke 1:34-35
The Messiah would be called Immanuel, “God With Us.” Isaiah 7:14b Matthew 1:21-23, John 12:45
The Messiah would be God. Isaiah 7:14c 1 Timothy 3:16
The Messiah would have wisdom from His childhood. Isaiah 7:15 Luke 2:40
The Messiah would be a “Stumbling Stone” for the Jews. Isaiah 8:14 Matthew 21:43-44
The Messiah would minister in Galilee. Isaiah 9:1-2a Matthew 4:12-17
The Messiah would be a light to the Gentiles. Isaiah 9:1-2b Luke 2:28-32
The birth of the Messiah. Isaiah 9:6a Luke 2:11
The Messiah would be the Son of God. Isaiah 9:6b Luke 1:35
The Messiah would be both man and God. Isaiah 9:6c John 10:30
John 12:45
John 14:7
The Messiah would be from everlasting. Isaiah 9:6d Colossians 1:17
The Messiah would come from the lineage of Jesse. Isaiah 11:1a Luke 3:23-32
The Messiah would grow up in Nazareth. Isaiah 11:1b Matthew 2:21-23
The Messiah would have the Spirit of God upon Him. Isaiah 11:2a Matthew 3:16-17
The Messiah would have the Spirit of knowledge and wisdom. Isaiah 11:2b Matthew 13:54
The Messiah would have the Spirit of knowledge and fear of God. Isaiah 11:2c Matthew 11:27
John 15:10
The Messiah would have a quick understanding in the fear of the LORD. Isaiah 11:3a Luke 2:46-47
Luke 4:31-32
John 14:31
The Messiah would not judge on the basis of outward appearance. Isaiah 11:3b John 2:24-25
John 7:24
The Messiah would judge the poor with righteousness. Isaiah 11:4 Mark 12:41-44
Luke 13:30
The Messiah would come from the lineage of Jesse. Isaiah 11:10a Luke 3:23-32
The Messiah would come for all people. Isaiah 11:10b Acts 13:47-48
The Messiah would have the key of David. Isaiah 22:22 Revelation 3:7
The Messiah would defeat death (sin). Isaiah 25:8 Revelation 1:18
2 Timothy 1:10
Several Saints would rise to life at the resurrection of the Messiah. Isaiah 26:19 Matthew 27:52-53
The Messiah would be the cornerstone. Isaiah 28:16 1 Peter 2:4-6
The Messiah would heal the blind. Isaiah 35:5a Mark 10:51-52
John 9:1-7
The Messiah would heal the deaf. Isaiah 35:5b Mark 7:32-35
The Messiah would heal the lame. Isaiah 35:6a Matthew 12:10-13
John 5:5-9
The Messiah would heal the dumb. Isaiah 35:6b Matthew 9:32-33
Matthew 15:30
The forerunner (John The Baptist) of the Messiah would live in the wilderness. Isaiah 40:3a Matthew 3:1-4
The forerunner (John The Baptist) would prepare people for the coming of the Messiah. Isaiah 40:3b Matthew 3:11
Luke 1:17
John 1:29
John 3:28
The Messiah would be God. Isaiah 40:3c John 10:30
Philippians 2:5-7
The Messiah would be as a shepherd. Isaiah 40:11 John 10:11
Mark 9:36-37
The Messiah would be God’s messenger. Isaiah 42:1a John 4:34
John 5:30
The Messiah would have the Spirit of God upon Him. Isaiah 42:1b Matthew 3:16-17
The Messiah would please God. Isaiah 42:1c Matthew 3:16-17
The Messiah would not desire personal attention for Himself. Isaiah 42:2 Matthew 12:15-21
The Messiah would have compassion for the poor and needy. Isaiah 42:3 Matthew 11:4-5
Matthew 12:15-20
The Messiah would receive direction from God. Isaiah 42:6a John 5:19-20
John 14:10-11
The Messiah would be ministered to by God. Isaiah 42:6b John 8:29
Luke 22:42-43
The Messiah would be the “New Covenant”. Isaiah 42:6c Matthew 26:28
The Messiah would be a light to the Gentiles. Isaiah 42:6d John 8:12
The Messiah would heal the blind. Isaiah 42:7 Matthew 9:27-30
Matthew 21:14
The Messiah would be the “First and the Last”. Isaiah 44:6 Rev. 1:17-18
The Messiah would be from everlasting. Isaiah 48:16 John 17:24
The Messiah would come for all people. Isaiah 49:1a 1 Timothy 2:4-6
The Messiah would be called by God while in the womb. Isaiah 49:1b Matthew 1:20-21
The Messiah would be called by His name before he was born. Isaiah 49:1c Luke 1:30-31
The Messiah’s words would be as a sharp as a two-edged sword. Isaiah 49:2a Rev. 2:12-16
John 12:48
The Messiah would be protected by God. Isaiah 49:2b Matthew 2:13-15
The Messiah would be empowered for the judgment of mankind. Isaiah 49:2c John 5:22-29
The Messiah would be God’s servant. Isaiah 49:3a John 17:4
The Messiah’s life and death would glorify God. Isaiah 49:3b Matthew 15:30-31
The Messiah would be sorrowful because of the Jew’s unbelief. Isaiah 49:4 Luke 19:41-42
The Messiah would be God’s servant. Isaiah 49:5a John 6:38
John 8:29
The Messiah would come to bring Israel back to God. Isaiah 49:5b Matthew 15:24
Matthew 10:5-7
The Messiah would be God’s servant. Isaiah 49:6a John 1:49-50
The Messiah would be a light to the Gentiles. Isaiah 49:6b Acts 13:47-48
The Messiah would be despised. Isaiah 49:7 John 10:20
Matthew 27:22
The Palms of the Messiah would be a witness. Isaiah 49:16 John 20:25-28
The Messiah would speak with God given knowledge. Isaiah 50:4 John 12:49
Matthew 7:28-29
The Messiah would not be rebellious to God’s will. Isaiah 50:5 John 12:27
The Messiah’s back would be lashed (stripped). Isaiah 50:6a Matthew 27:26
The Messiah’s face would be beaten and spit upon. Isaiah 50:6b Matthew 26:67
The Messiah would not waver from His mission. Isaiah 50:7 Luke 9:51-53
The Messiah would be justified by His righteousness. Isaiah 50:8 1 Timothy 3:16
Hebrews 8:32-34
The Messiah would completely trust in God. Isaiah 50:8-10 John 11:7-10
The Messiah would proclaim the gospel from the mountain tops. Isaiah 52:7 Matthew 5:1-7:29
John 14:31
The Messiah would be God’s servant. Isaiah 52:13a John 9:4
John 14:31
The Messiah would be highly exalted by God. Isaiah 52:13b Philippians 2:9-11
The Messiah’s face would be disfigured from extreme beatings during His trial.
Isaiah 52:14 Mat. 26:67-68
Mat. 27:26-30
The Messiah’s blood would be shed to make atonement for all mankind. Isaiah 52:15 Revelation 1:5
The Messiah’s own people would reject Him. Isaiah 53:1 John 12:37-38
The Messiah would grow up in Nazareth. Isaiah 53:2a Matthew 2:21-23
The Messiah would appear as an ordinary man. Isaiah 53:2b Philippians 2:7-8
The Messiah would be despised. Isaiah 53:3a Luke 4:28-29
The Messiah would be rejected. Isaiah 53:3b Mat. 27:21-23
The Messiah would suffer great sorrow and grief. Isaiah 53:3c Luke 19:41-42
Mat. 26:37-38
Matthew 27:46
Men would deny association with the Messiah. Isaiah 53:3d Mark 14:50-52
Mat. 26:73-74
The Messiah bore our sorrows and sufferings Isaiah 53:4a Luke 6:17-19
Matthew 8:16-17
The Messiah would bear the sins of the world upon Himself.
Isaiah 53:4b 1 Peter 2:24
1 Peter 3:18
Many would think the Messiah to be cursed by God. Isaiah 53:4c Mat. 27:41-43
The Messiah would bear the penalty of death for man’s sins. Isaiah 53:5a Luke 23:33
Hebrews 9:28
The Messiah’s would be bruised for our iniquities.
Isaiah 53:5b Colossians 1:20
Eph. 2:13-18
The Messiah’s back would be lashed at His trial. Isaiah 53:5c Matthew 27:26
1 Peter 2:24
The Messiah would be the sin-bearer for all mankind. Isaiah 53:6 Galatians 1:4
The Messiah would be oppressed and afflicted. Isaiah 53:7a Mat. 27:27-31
The Messiah would be silent as a lamb before His accusers. Isaiah 53:7b Mat. 27:12-14
The Messiah would be God’s sacrificial lamb. Isaiah 53:7c John 1:29
John 19:14-18
The Messiah would be condemned and persecuted. Isaiah 53:8a Mat. 26:47-27:31
The Messiah would be judged. Isaiah 53:8b John 18:13-22
Mat. 26:57-66
Matthew 27:1
Matthew 27:22
Luke 23:11
The Messiah would be killed. Isaiah 53:8c Matthew 27:35
The Messiah would die for the sins of the world. Isaiah 53:8d 1 John 2:2
The Messiah would be buried in a borrowed rich man’s tomb. Isaiah 53:9a Matthew 27:57
The Messiah would be completely innocent. Isaiah 53:9b Mark 15:3
The Messiah would have no deceit guile in His mouth. Isaiah 53:9c John 18:38
Luke 23:33-34
1 Peter 2:21-22
God’s will would be that the Messiah should die for all mankind. Isaiah 53:10a John 18:11
Romans 3:23-26
The Messiah would be a sin offering. Isaiah 53:10b Matthew 20:28
Ephesians 5:2
The Messiah would be resurrected and live forever. Isaiah 53:10c Mark 16:16
Rev. 1:17-18
The Messiah would prosper. Isaiah 53:10d John 17:1-5
Revelation 5:12
God would be completely satisfied with the suffering of the Messiah. Isaiah 53:11a John 12:27
Matthew 27:46
The Messiah would be God’s servant. Isaiah 53:11b Romans 5:18-19
The Messiah would justify man before God. Isaiah 53:11c Romans 5:8-9
The Messiah would be the sin offering for all mankind. Isaiah 53:11d Hebrews 9:28
The Messiah would be exalted by God for his sacrifice. Isaiah 53:12a Matthew 28:18
The Messiah would freely lay down His life to save mankind. Isaiah 53:12b Luke 23:46
The Messiah would be counted with the criminals. Isaiah 53:12c Luke 23:32
The Messiah would be the sin offering for all mankind. Isaiah 53:12d 2 Cor. 5:21
The Messiah would intercede for man to God. Isaiah 53:12e Luke 23:34
The Messiah would be resurrected by God. Isaiah 55:3 Acts 10:40-41
Acts 13:34
The Messiah would be a witness. Isaiah 55:4 John 3:10-12
John 18:37
The Messiah would come to provide salvation for all mankind. Isaiah 59:15-16a John 6:40
1 Thes. 5:8-10
The Messiah would intercede between God and man. Isaiah 59:15-16b Mat. 10:32-33
Romans 8:34
The Messiah would come to Zion as their Redeemer. Isaiah 59:20 Luke 2:38
John 10:11
The Messiah would have the Spirit of God upon Him. Isaiah 61:1 Matthew 3:16-17
The Messiah would preach the gospel of “Good News”. Isaiah 61:1-2 Luke 4:18-21
The Messiah would come to provide salvation. Isaiah 63:5 John 3:17
Col. 2:13-15
The Messiah would be revealed to a people who were not seeking Him. Isaiah 65:1 Mat. 15:22-28
Romans 10:18-20
The Messiah would be rejected by His own (Jews). Isaiah 65:2 John 5:37-40

Impressive eh?

Well, let’s focus on some key ones:
The Messiah would be born of a virgin.

Isaiah 7:14

14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.

Luke 1:34-35
34 How will this be, Mary asked the angel, since I am a virgin?
35 The angel answered, The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.
The Messiah would heal the blind, lame, deaf, and speechless

Isaiah 35:5-6
5Then will the eyes of the blind be opened and the ears of the deaf unstopped.
6 Then will the lame leap like a deer, and the mute tongue shout for joy. Water will gush forth in the wilderness and streams in the desert.
Mark 10:51-52

51 What do you want me to do for you? Jesus asked him. The blind man said, Rabbi, I want to see.
52 Go, said Jesus, your faith has healed you. Immediately he received his sight and followed Jesus along the road.

John 9:1-7
1 As he went along, he saw a man blind from birth.
2 His disciples asked him, Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?
3 Neither this man nor his parents sinned, said Jesus, but this happened so that the work of God might be displayed in his life.
4 As long as it is day, we must do the work of him who sent me. Night is coming, when no-one can work.
5 While I am in the world, I am the light of the world.
6 Having said this, he spat on the ground, made some mud with the saliva, and put it on the man’s eyes.
7 Go, he told him, wash in the Pool of Siloam (this word means Sent). So the man went and washed, and came home seeing.

Mark 7:32-35
32 There some people brought to him a man who was deaf and could hardly talk, and they begged him to place his hand on the man.
33 After he took him aside, away from the crowd, Jesus put his fingers into the man’s ears. Then he spat and touched the man’s tongue.
34 He looked up to heaven and with a deep sigh said to him, Ephphatha! (which means, Be opened!).
35 At this, the man’s ears were opened, his tongue was loosened and he began to speak plainly.

Matthew 12:10-13
10 a man with a shrivelled hand was there. Looking for a reason to accuse Jesus, they asked him, Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?
11 He said to them, If any of you has a sheep and it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will you not take hold of it and lift it out?
12 How much more valuable is a man than a sheep! Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.
13 Then he said to the man, Stretch out your hand. So he stretched it out and it was completely restored, just as sound as the other.

John 5:5-9
5 One who was there had been an invalid for thirty-eight years.
6 When Jesus saw him lying there and learned that he had been in this condition for a long time, he asked him, Do you want to get well?
7 Sir, the invalid replied, I have no-one to help me into the pool when the water is stirred. While I am trying to get in, someone else goes down ahead of me.
8 Then Jesus said to him, Get up! Pick up your mat and walk.
9 At once the man was cured; he picked up his mat and walked. The day on which this took place was a Sabbath,

Matthew 9:32-33
32 While they were going out, a man who was demon-possessed and could not talk was brought to Jesus.
33 And when the demon was driven out, the man who had been mute spoke. The crowd was amazed and said, Nothing like this has ever been seen in Israel

Matthew 15:30

30 Great crowds came to him, bringing the lame, the blind, the crippled, the mute and many others, and laid them at his feet; and he healed them.

…need I go on?

He would be wounded for our sins, cursed, bearing our transgressions
Isaiah 53:4-5
4Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted.
5 But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed.
1 Peter 2:24
24 He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness; by his wounds you have been healed.
Matthew 27:41-43
41 In the same way the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the elders mocked him.
42 He saved others, they said, but he can’t save himself! He’s the King of Israel! Let him come down now from the cross, and we will believe in him.
43 He trusts in God. Let God rescue him now if he wants him, for he said, ‘I am the Son of God.’
Luke 23:33
33 When they came to the place called the Skull, there they crucified him, along with the criminals— one on his right, the other on his left.

Ah yes, you might be thinking: anyone with a reasonable knowledge of the Scriptures, and Jesus clearly had internalised the prophets and their prophecies, could engineer it so that these scriptures would be fulfilled. Knowing that the Messiah would ride in to Jerusalem on a donkey (Zechariah 9:9 “Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey.”), isn’t it obvious that he would sort that one out?

But, how many prophecies were things over which Jesus himself had no control?

His place of birth, his fleeing to Egypt, his arrest, his crucifixion, his death without a single bone being broken – all of these prophesied about and out of the hands of Jesus or his followers – in the hands of evil men, or in the providence of God almighty.

The Messiah would be killed.
Isaiah 53:8

8 By oppression and judgment he was taken away.
And who can speak of his descendants?
For he was cut off from the land of the living;
for the transgression of my people he was stricken.

Matthew 27:35

35When they had crucified him, they divided up his clothes by casting lots

And think back to the gifts the wise men bring, the Gold, signifying royalty, the Incense, signifying divinity, and the Myrrh, signifying his death: we should not shy away from the cross even at Christmas, for the incarnation is nothing without the crucifixion, and the crucifixion is nothing without the resurrection.

The scriptures are deep pools of knowledge which you should be trawling this Advent, look through the prophecies, which will be listed on the website this week: http://www.saintthomaselson.org.uk/

Spend some time examining what the prophets of old said would happen and how Scripture tells us played out in the story of Jesus, Yesh-ua, God Saves.

What has happened, what is happening, what is to happen in the future has all been seen, fortold and spoken about. Go back to your bibles and drink deeply in them.

Amen.